In response to internationalization of higher education, an increasing number of Chinese visiting scholars travel abroad to gain overseas experience and explore opportunities for academic collaboration. In order to qualify for financial sponsorship from the China Scholarship Council, these visitors need to pass an English proficiency test, and some attend a pre-departure training. However, during their visit, they experience a variety of conflicts. Interview data were collected from fifteen Chinese visiting scholars coming from different types of higher education institutes in China, who represent a diversity of academic discipline, professional experience, gender, and age range. It is indicated that besides language barrier, factors that may cause conflicts include understanding of academic integrity, institutional culture, difference between the expectations of host and visitor, etc. Based on the findings, some possible solutions are discussed.