Studying confirmation bias has become increasingly important since social media not only enables users to access the content, but also allows them to generate and re-post content produced by others. The more public access social media is, the greater the likelihood of increasing confirmation bias. These days, the need for confirmation is also strengthened by another phenomenon. Identity politics reinforce the need for recognition and confirmation of the social dignity of individuals. Scholars like Mark Lilla and Francis Fukuyama argued that social movements’ search for social dignity strengthens the sense of vulnerability among different groups of people and mobilizes them around a certain identity. In a post-truth era, promoting identity politics which emphasizes personal subjectivity and emotional feelings, especially vulnerability, can potentially exacerbate confirmation bias. The purpose of this study is to conduct a literature review to find the various ways in which identity politics can exacerbate confirmation bias. This study will be a major part of the literature review of a doctoral dissertation that will focus on how should critical media literacy intervenes to reduce the level confirmation bias among the undergraduate students of Education in one of the universities in Southern Ontario.